Heinz Bienefeld was a German architect who used brick both to give expression to his volumes and to construct his details. His work is marked by the relationship between form and surface through the use of this material.
The Ajanta Caves are a group of 29 rock-cut Buddhist monuments located in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, a state in the western peninsular region of India. With more than 1500 examples of rock-cut architecture, India is the country in the world where we can find the most of rock-cut structures.
The First World War ravaged the French territory. Many cities were drowned under the bombardments and several monuments were destroyed or threatened. It was the case of the Amiens Cathedral which was protected thanks to an ingenious saving intervention.
After the Second World War an international competition was launched to build a basilica in the city of Higüey in the Dominican Republic. This city, which then had barely 10,000 inhabitants, saw the emergence of a monumental concrete cathedral at a time when its growing economic importance was just beginning.
The Anastasis church, is a white concrete monolith designed by Alvaro Siza, built in the heart of Saint-Jacques-de-la-Lande in France. The sacred building is the first church built in the 21st century in Brittany, but it is also a modular place open to the life of the neighbourhood.
The Basilica of San Petronia in Bologna is a huge religious example of Gothic architecture which has the specificity of being made of brick with only half of its facade in marble. The basilica is dedicated to the city’s patron, saint Petronius. It was not consecrated until 1954 although its works began in the end of the 14th century.
Lalibela is a city in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia. Bete Giyorgis, like the other 10 churches, was carved out of rock. It is located in a trapezoidal shaft of about 25m by 25m, dug into the pink volcanic tuff of the Lasta plateau. The edifice follows a cruciform plan, known as the Greek cross.
For its first participation in the Venice Biennale, in 2018, the Vatican offers a clerical oasis as a pavilion. Divided into ten chapels, each one is designed by a renowned architect. Inspired by the chapel in the wood by Gunnar Asplund, built in Stockholm in 1920, they aim to reflect what a chapel means in the 21st century.