The Tughrul tower is a representative monument of Seljuk architecture dating back to the 12th century. Its cylindrical brick structure ensured its resistance to Mongolian invasions and earthquakes.
The Ajanta Caves are a group of 29 rock-cut Buddhist monuments located in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, a state in the western peninsular region of India. With more than 1500 examples of rock-cut architecture, India is the country in the world where we can find the most of rock-cut structures.
In the middle of the thousands of islands of the Croatian coast, Bavljenac, an islet of derisory size, stands out for its large number of walls. These dry stone walls, typical of the Mediterranean, give the island a unique and singular aspect.
The First World War ravaged the French territory. Many cities were drowned under the bombardments and several monuments were destroyed or threatened. It was the case of the Amiens Cathedral which was protected thanks to an ingenious saving intervention.
The Basilica of San Petronia in Bologna is a huge religious example of Gothic architecture which has the specificity of being made of brick with only half of its facade in marble. The basilica is dedicated to the city’s patron, saint Petronius. It was not consecrated until 1954 although its works began in the end of the 14th century.
Lalibela is a city in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia. Bete Giyorgis, like the other 10 churches, was carved out of rock. It is located in a trapezoidal shaft of about 25m by 25m, dug into the pink volcanic tuff of the Lasta plateau. The edifice follows a cruciform plan, known as the Greek cross.